Basic grammar may seem like common knowledge to students in the 10th – 12th grades. However, it might surprise you to know that many of our high school students come to us having not reviewed their beginning grammar since elementary school. That is why our English ACT or SAT preparation always starts with a basic grammar review before moving onto the more complex grammar concepts found in the ACT and SAT. Often, it is not that our students do not understand grammar, but simply they do not remember it. So we wanted to give you a head start. If you come to our ACT and SAT private tutoring or ACT and SAT courses with this basic knowledge in your back pocket, you will be ready to move on to the more advanced grammar concepts from the ACT or SAT.
#1 – Nouns
Definition – person, place, thing, or idea.
Examples – boy, Denmark, desk, happiness.
In a Sentence – She showed great courage when faced with the death of her husband.
#2 – Pronouns
Definition – takes the place of a noun
Examples – she, who, anyone, his
In a Sentence – After Marie won the tennis tournament, she thanked her coach and her parents.
#3 – Verbs
Definition – 1. action or helping; 2. linking (state of being) “to”
Examples – ran, am, been working
In a Sentence – Elyse is training for a marathon; she wants to race in six months.
#4 – Adjectives
Definition – modifies a noun or pronoun; answers the questions “Which one?”; “What kind?”; “How many?”
Examples – warm, disgusting, angry
In a Sentence – The large dog with the shaggy coat played with the three rambunctious children.
#5 – Adverbs
Definition – modifies a verb, adjective, or adverb; answers the questions “How?”; “When?”; “Where?”; “Why?”
Examples – excitedly, momentarily, noticeably
In a Sentence – My lovely cat usually sleeps quietly on the kitchen table.
# 6 – Prepositions
Definition – shows the relationship between two nouns, usually location or direction; always comes with a phrase
Examples – in, over, under
In a Sentence- I ran barefoot through the soccer field and stepped on a cleat.
#7 – Conjunctions
Definition – connected related words, phrases, or clauses
Examples – for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so
In a Sentence – Marc likes to eat, but he doesn’t like to exercise.
Definition – comes in pairs
Examples – neither…nor, either…or
In a Sentence – I want not only a bike but also a coat for my birthday.
Definition – creates a dependent clause
Examples – since, because, as
In a Sentence – Although Paulina wants to go with us to the game, she has to finish her homework.
#8 – Infinitives
Definition – to + verb; acts like a noun
Examples – to jump, to try, to act
In a Sentence – Paulina to go with us to the game.
#9 – Gerunds
Definition – verb + ing; acts like a noun
Examples – skating, yelling, crying
In a Sentence – Hiking and running are my favorite activities.
#10 – Participle
Definition– verb + ed
Definition – verb + ing
Acts like an adjective
Example – aged, dancing
In a Sentence – While tying her running shoes, Rita sat on a broken chair.
Understanding basic grammar goes a long way in preparing you for the ACT and SAT. So if you have not done so yet, make sure you have a thorough understanding of the above list. Then come down to Oxford Tutoring and sign up for an ACT or SAT class or a ACT or SAT private tutoring session. Sign up today! (949) 681-0388.