Posted in ACT, Education, grammar, SAT, SAT Test Prep, Studying, Uncategorized, Writing

Top 10 Grammar Basics to Master Before Taking the ACT or SAT

10 Grammar Basics to Master Before Taking the ACT and SATBasic grammar may seem like common knowledge to students in the 10th – 12th grades.  However, it might surprise you to know that many of our high school students come to us having not reviewed their beginning grammar since elementary school.  That is why our English ACT or SAT preparation always starts with a basic grammar review before moving onto the more complex grammar concepts found in the ACT and SAT.  Often, it is not that our students do not understand grammar, but simply they do not remember it.  So we wanted to give you a head start.  If you come to our ACT and SAT private tutoring or ACT and SAT courses with this basic knowledge in your back pocket, you will be ready to move on to the more advanced grammar concepts from the ACT or SAT.

#1 – Nouns

Definition – person, place, thing, or idea.

Examples –  boy, Denmark, desk, happiness.

In a Sentence – She showed great courage when faced with the death of her husband.

 

#2 – Pronouns

Definition – takes the place of a noun

Examples – she, who, anyone, his

In a Sentence – After Marie won the tennis tournament, she thanked her coach and her parents.

 

#3 – Verbs

Definition –  1. action or helping; 2. linking (state of being) “to”

Examples – ran, am, been working

In a Sentence – Elyse is training for a marathon; she wants to race in six months.

 

#4 – Adjectives

Definition – modifies a noun or pronoun; answers the questions “Which one?”; “What kind?”; “How many?”

Examples – warm, disgusting, angry

In a Sentence – The large dog with the shaggy coat played with the three rambunctious children.

 

#5 – Adverbs

Definition – modifies a verb, adjective, or adverb; answers the questions “How?”; “When?”; “Where?”; “Why?”

Examples – excitedly, momentarily, noticeably

In a Sentence – My lovely cat usually sleeps quietly on the kitchen table.

 

# 6 – Prepositions

Definition – shows the relationship between two nouns, usually location or direction; always comes with a phrase

Examples – in, over, under

In a Sentence- I ran barefoot through the soccer field and stepped on a cleat.

 

#7 – Conjunctions

Coordinating

Definition – connected related words, phrases, or clauses

Examples – for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so

In a Sentence – Marc likes to eat, but he doesn’t like to exercise.

 

Correlative

Definition – comes in pairs

Examples – neither…nor, either…or

In a Sentence – I want not only a bike but also a coat for my birthday.

 

Subordinating 

Definition – creates a dependent clause

Examples – since, because, as

In a SentenceAlthough Paulina wants to go with us to the game, she has to finish her homework.

 

#8 – Infinitives

 

Definition – to + verb; acts like a noun

Examples – to jump, to try, to act

In a Sentence – Paulina to go with us to the game.

 

#9 – Gerunds

Definition – verb + ing; acts like a noun

Examples – skating, yelling, crying

In a SentenceHiking and running are my favorite activities.

 

#10 – Participle

Past

Definition– verb + ed

 

Present

Definition – verb + ing

Acts like an adjective

Example – aged, dancing

In a Sentence – While tying her running shoes, Rita sat on a broken chair.

 

Understanding basic grammar goes a long way in preparing you for the ACT and SAT.  So if you have not done so yet, make sure you have a thorough understanding of the above list.  Then come down to Oxford Tutoring and sign up for an ACT or SAT class or a ACT or SAT private tutoring session.  Sign up today! (949) 681-0388.

 

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Oxford Tutoring specializes in K-12 tutoring in English, mathematics, science and test preparation. We provide skill building and homework help in private, one-on-one sessions coordinated with our student’s classroom programs, but focused on the way in which each student learns. Working to better each student’s academic success, Oxford Tutoring personalizes our tutoring approach to best meet the education needs of our students.

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